Eurofighter schalke

eurofighter schalke

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On 11 September , the combined flying time of the five customer Air Forces and the industrial Flight Test programme saw the aircraft pass the 50, flight hours milestone.

As of July , a total of orders had been received with delivered. In the "second element of the Phase 1 Enhancements package known as 'P1Eb'" was announced, allowing "Typhoon to realise both its air-to-air and air-to-ground capability to full effect".

Budgetary pressures being encountered by the four original partner nations have limited upgrades [68] None of the partner nations have confirmed an order for Tranche 3Bs, which would have been "optimized for future higher-tempo air-to-air and strike operations", and Germany has cut its own orders short to avoid the model.

The latest support for self-protection will however originate from the new aesa radar which is to replace the Captor system, providing in a spiralled programme with passive, active and cyberwarfare RF capabilities.

It will provide an off-board capability to decoy RF guided missile seekers and fire control radars, producing large miss distance and angle break lock, thanks to self-contained coherent technique generation processing and high-power batteries that allow at least ten seconds of life after firing activation, in addition to rapid-response capabilities.

Eurojet is attempting to find funding to test a thrust vectoring nozzle TVN on a flight demonstrator. And it is extremely interesting to consider the potential benefits in the air-to-surface configuration thanks to the increased variety and flexibility of stores that can be carried.

The Airbus offer is similar to that being performed as part of Project Centurion for the UK Royal Air Force, transferring the weapons and capabilities from the Tornado over to the Typhoon.

Integration of air-to-ground weapons already has begun on German Typhoons as part of Project Odin. Among the weapons being offered for integration as part of the Tornado replacement program are the Kongsberg Joint Strike Missile for the anti-ship mission and the Taurus cruise missile.

Taurus already has undergone a partial integration because of its similar size, shape and weight to the Storm Shadow.

Airbus also is proposing adding the ability to perform destruction and suppression of enemy air defense missions using emitter detection systems that are yet to be integrated onto the aircraft, as well as the Advanced Anti-Radiation Guided Missile AARGM [].

This will be combined with a new design and enlarged 1,litre fuel tank []. The aircraft currently is fitted with 1,liter fuel tanks.

Other modifications will include the Aerodynamic Modification Kit, test flown in , to improve maneuverability and handling, particularly with heavy weapon loads.

Eurofighter says they also are comfortable with delivering integration of the U. B61 nuclear weapon onto the aircraft, a process that requires U.

Paltzo said he was confident the U. The Typhoon is a highly agile aircraft at both supersonic and low speeds, achieved through having an intentionally relaxed stability design.

It has a quadruplex digital fly-by-wire control system providing artificial stability, as manual operation alone could not compensate for the inherent instability.

The fly-by-wire system is described as "carefree", and prevents the pilot from exceeding the permitted manoeuvre envelope. Roll control is primarily achieved by use of the wing elevons.

Pitch control is by operation of the foreplanes and elevons, the yaw control is by rudder. Although not designated a stealth fighter , [] [] measures were taken to reduce the Typhoon's radar cross section RCS , especially from the frontal aspect.

Many important potential radar targets, such as the wing, canard and fin leading edges, are highly swept, so will reflect radar energy well away from the front sector.

The manufacturers have carried out tests on the early Eurofighter prototypes to optimise the low observability characteristics of the aircraft from the early s.

While canards generally have poor stealth characteristics, [] the flight control system is designed to maintain the elevon trim and canards at an angle at which they have the smallest RCS.

The Typhoon features a glass cockpit without any conventional instruments. Reversionary flying instruments, lit by LEDs , are located under a hinged right glareshield.

The integral ladder is stowed in the port side of the fuselage, below the cockpit. User needs were given a high priority in the cockpit's design; both layout and functionality was created through feedback and assessments from military pilots and a specialist testing facility.

German Air Force and Austrian Air Force pilots wear a hydrostatic g -suit called Libelle dragonfly Multi G Plus instead, [] [] [] which also provides protection to the arms, theoretically giving more complete g tolerance.

In the event of pilot disorientation , the Flight Control System allows for rapid and automatic recovery by the simple press of a button.

On selection of this cockpit control the FCS takes full control of the engines and flying controls, and automatically stabilises the aircraft in a wings level, gentle climbing attitude at knots, until the pilot is ready to retake control.

The FCS system is able to detect a developing low-speed situation and to raise an audible and visual low-speed cockpit warning. This gives the pilot sufficient time to react and to recover the aircraft manually.

If the pilot does not react, however, or if the warning is ignored, the ALSR takes control of the aircraft, selects maximum dry power for the engines and returns the aircraft to a safe flight condition.

It was the first production DVI system used in a military cockpit. DVI provides the pilot with an additional natural mode of command and control over approximately 26 non-critical cockpit functions, to reduce pilot workload, improve aircraft safety, and expand mission capabilities.

An important step in the development of the DVI occurred in when Texas Instruments completed the TMSC30, a digital signal-processor, enabling reductions in the size and system complexity required.

The DVI system is speaker-dependent, requiring each pilot to create a template. It is not used for safety-critical or weapon-critical tasks, such as weapon release or lowering of the undercarriage, but is used for a wide range of cockpit functions.

All functions are also achievable by means of a conventional button-press or soft-key selections; functions include display management, communications, and management of various systems.

British English , American English , etc. Navigation is via both GPS and an inertial navigation system. Protective countermeasures consist of chaff , flares , an electronic countermeasures ECM suite and a towed radar decoy TRD.

Traditionally each sensor in an aircraft is treated as a discrete source of information; however this can result in conflicting data and limits the scope for the automation of systems, hence increasing pilot workload.

To overcome this, the Typhoon employs what are now known as sensor fusion techniques. The AIS physically comprises two essentially separate units: By having a single source of information, pilot workload should be reduced by removing the possibility of conflicting data and the need for cross-checking, improving situational awareness and increasing systems automation.

This should aid in limiting the detectability of the Typhoon by opposing aircraft further reducing pilot workload. This was achieved by translating the MADL messages into Link 16 format, thus allowing a F in stealth mode to communicate directly with the Typhoon.

Synthetic Aperture Radar is expected to be fielded as part of the AESA radar upgrade which will give the Eurofighter an all-weather ground attack capability.

The first flight of a Eurofighter equipped with a "mass model" of the Captor-E occurred in late February , with flight tests of the actual radar beginning in July of that year.

When used with the radar in an air-to-air role, it functions as an infrared search and track system, providing passive target detection and tracking.

In an air-to-surface role, it performs target identification and acquisition. By supercooling the sensor, the system can detect even small variations in temperature at a long range.

The IIR sensor has a stabilised mount so that it can maintain a target within its field of view. In MTT mode the system will scan a designated volume space looking for potential targets.

Both Sector and Slave Acquisition demonstrate the level of sensor fusion present in the Typhoon. Once a target has been tracked and identified, PIRATE can be used to cue an appropriately equipped short range missile, i.

This should enable the Typhoon to overcome severe ECM environments and still engage its targets. The Typhoon is capable of supersonic cruise without using afterburners referred to as supercruise.

The technology insertion also provides more persistence — giving aircraft longer range or longer loitering time. To achieve more thrust we would increase the airflow and pressure ratios of the high and low pressure compressors and run higher temperatures in the turbines by using the latest generation single crystal turbine blade materials.

And with higher aerodynamic efficiencies we can achieve a lower fuel burn. A third area of improvement would be the engine exhaust nozzle which would be upgraded with the installation of a 2-parametric version allowing independent and optimized adjustment of the throat and exit area at all flight conditions, providing fuel burn advantages.

The technologies for the different components are at a Technology Readiness Level of between 7 and 9. The nozzle has been at ITP in Spain on a test bed for hours.

Jumper , then the only person to have flown both the Eurofighter Typhoon and the Raptor, talked to Air Force Print News about these two aircraft.

They are both exciting in different ways, but they are designed for different levels of performance. That is what it was designed to do, especially the version I flew, with the avionics, the color moving map displays, etc.

The maneuverability of the airplane in close-in combat was also very impressive. But it has additional capabilities that allow it to perform the [U.

In the Singapore evaluation, the Typhoon won all three combat tests, including one in which a single Typhoon defeated three RSAF Fs, and reliably completed all planned flight tests.

This was the first time that the two fighters had taken part in such an exercise. This exercise was no exception for the Typhoon Force", and "Our analysis does not match what has been reported, RAF pilots and the Typhoon performed well throughout the exercise with and against the Indian Air Force.

Both forces learnt a great deal from the exercise and the RAF look forward to the next opportunity to train alongside the IAF.

The Typhoon is a multi-role fighter with maturing air-to-ground capabilities. The initial absence of air-to-ground capability is believed to have been a factor in the type's rejection from Singapore's fighter competition in At the time it was claimed that Singapore was concerned about the delivery timescale and the ability of the Eurofighter partner nations to fund the required capability packages.

Similar capability was added to Tranche 2 aircraft on the main development pathway as part of the Phase 1 Enhancements. Operational testing and evaluation of those capabilities is currently ongoing with the Royal Air Force ahead of entry into service in German aircraft can carry 4 GBU lb bombs.

An anti-shipping capability is required by , and such a capability is also important for potential export customers such as India; [] Eurofighter is studying integrating the Boeing Harpoon or MBDA Marte or Sea Brimstone missiles onto the Typhoon for a maritime attack capability.

In addition to the missile armament options, the Typhoon also carries a specially developed variant of the Mauser BK 27mm cannon armament that was developed originally for the Panavia Tornado.

This is a single-barrel, electrically fired, gas-operated revolver cannon with a new linkless feed system, capable of firing up to rounds per minute.

There was a proposal on cost grounds in to limit this gun-armament fit to the first 53 batch-1 aircraft destined for the RAF, only on the basis that the guns would be used as ballast and not used operationally, [] but this decision was reversed in The government of Argentina "is understood to have made a formal protest".

On 12 April , a mixed pair of RAF Typhoon and Tornado GR4 [] dropped precision-guided bombs on ground vehicles operated by Gaddafi forces that were parked in an abandoned tank park.

The event represented "a significant milestone in the delivery of multi-role Typhoon. The National Audit Office observed in that the distribution of the Eurofighter's parts supply and repairs over several countries has led to parts shortages , long timescales for repairs, and the cannibalisation of some aircraft to keep others flying.

The RAF has been "cannibalising" aircraft for spare parts in a bid to keep the maximum number of Typhoons operational on any given day.

The Ministry of Defence had warned the problems were likely to continue until It was announced in December that No. The British are aiming to upgrade their Typhoons to be able to carry the Storm Shadow cruise missile and Brimstone air-to-ground missile by to ensure they have manned aircraft configured with strike capabilities with trained crews by the time the Tornado GR4 is retired the following year; the Defence Ministry is funding research for a common launcher system that could also drop the Selective Precision Effects at Range Spear III networked precision-guided weapon from the Typhoon, which is already planned for the F RAF Tranche 1 Typhoons are too structurally and technically different from later models so the British have decided that, beginning in or , the older models will be switched out for Tranche 2 and 3 versions, a process that will remove the Tranche 1 aircraft from service around to be stripped for parts to support newer versions.

On 1 July it was reported that Typhoons from No. In the Strategic Defense and Security Review SDSR , it was decided to retain some of the Tranche 1 aircraft to increase the number of front-line squadrons from five to seven and to boost the out-of-service date from to as well as implementing the Captor-E AESA radar in later tranches.

Due to the limited ground attack capabilities of the RAF Typhoons in the campaign against ISIL, the UK has delayed the retirement of one squadron of Tornados and is attempting to bring forward the deployment of Brimstone missiles on the Eurofighters to The following evening the Typhoons, accompanied by Tornados, attacked targets in Syria.

In July , the Austria Defense Ministry announced that it would be replacing all of its Typhoon aircraft by Austria plans to explore a government-to-government sale or lease agreement to avoid a lengthy and costly tender process with a manufacturer.

Possible replacements include the Saab Gripen and the F On 18 August it was announced that Saudi Arabia had agreed to purchase 72 Typhoons. On 14 December , Britain's attorney general, Lord Goldsmith , ordered that the Serious Fraud Office discontinue its investigation into the BAE Systems' alleged bribery to senior Saudi officials in the al-Yamamah contracts, citing "the need to safeguard national and international security".

The Times also reported that such an arrangement would make the UK purchase of its Tranche 3 commitments more likely. The remaining 48 aircraft were to be assembled in Saudi Arabia and delivered from , [] but following contract renegotiations in it was agreed that all 72 aircraft would be assembled by BAE Systems in the UK, with the last 24 aircraft being built to Tranche 3 capability.

By , 24 Tranche 2 Eurofighter Typhoons had been delivered to Saudi Arabia, consisting of 18 single-seat and 6 two-seat aircraft.

After that, BAE and Riyadh entered into discussions over configurations and price of the rest of the plane order. Deliveries resumed in early , with the discussions still going on, with four trainers and two more single-seat Typhoons.

In June , it was reported that Kuwait was in talks with the Italian Air Force and Alenia Aermacchi about the potential purchase of up to 28 Eurofighter Typhoons for two squadrons.

On 11 September , Eurofighter confirmed that an agreement had been reached to supply Kuwait with 28 aircraft. The Kuwaiti aircraft will be the first Typhoons to receive the Captor-E active electronically scanned array radar, with two instrumented production aircraft from the UK and Germany currently undergoing ground-based integration trials.

The contract involves the production of aircraft in Italy and covers logistics, operational support and the training of flight crews and ground personnel.

Aircraft deliveries will begin in By June Dassault claimed it was close to signing a contract with Qatar for 72 Rafales. In January , it was revealed that the Eurofighter Typhoon is one of the contenders for Bulgaria's MiG replacement program.

In December , the Canadian government decided that F costs were much higher than earlier anticipated and hence are looking at the Eurofighter as well as four other fighters to replace their ageing CFs.

In December , it was reported that Colombia may be interested in procuring a fighter wing 's worth of second-hand, Tranche 2 standard Eurofighter Typhoons from Spain, equipped with the advanced Meteor missile.

The group recognises five potential types: The request for information concerning the HX Fighter Program was sent in early ; the five responses were received in November A call for tender will be sent in spring and the buying decision is scheduled to take place in Eurofighter and other fighter builders responded to a request for information issued by the Indonesian government in January for a fighter to replace the ageing F-5s currently in service with the Air Force.

The intention was to transfer aircraft currently in Spanish service within a year of contract signature. Poland is planning to purchase 64 multirole combat aircraft from as part of the country's modernisation plans.

According to the announcement made by the Armament Inspectorate on 23 November , Poland has initiated the procedure to acquire new fighter aircraft for the Polish Air Force.

Companies that expressed their interest in the Multi-Role Combat Aircraft portion of the initiative include: In , the government of Serbia displayed open interest in the Eurofighter and competing products.

In March , Swiss officials named contenders in its Air program: In October , it was reported by Jane's that the Swiss Air Force may be limited to purchasing a single-engine fighter for budgetary reasons.

However a bidder representing a European company bidding on the plan stated that Swiss Air Force pilots are "so enamoured of their Hornets that they will be inclined to select another two-seat fighter".

In June it was reported that Vietnam had been in discussions about the purchase of Eurofighter Typhoons to replace MiGs in their aircraft inventory.

The talks were reported as ongoing but no decision was expected soon. Saab's Gripen E and Sukhoi's Su were also involved in the discussions for Vietnam's next fighter requirement.

The requirement stands for 40 aircraft. A decision was expected by and contracts signed by The opposition in the federal parliament of Belgium stated that a decision was already made in favour of the American F and that the competition was a cover-up.

The opposition concluded that the requirements for the new aircraft were set up such a way that "only the F could possibly meet the requirements".

A supposedly leaked document from the Belgian military stated that for Belgium to remain in a strong position in NATO, the aircraft should have a launch capability for the B61 nuclear bombs supposedly stored at the Kleine Brogel Air Base in Belgium.

Coalition parties have denied the allegations. They say a decision will be made in and that parliament could still vote against the selected aircraft.

On 19 April , Boeing pulled out of the competition, stating there "is no level playing field". Dassault did not respond, alleging the Belgian request deliberately favoured the F, and the French government instead proposed a long-term partnership for the development of a new fighter aircraft.

On 25 October , Belgium officially selected the offer for 34 FAs to replace the current fleet of around 54 Fs. In the accompanied news conference, government officials stated that the decision to select the F over the Eurofighter Typhoon came down to the price, and later stated that "The offer from the Americans was the best in all our seven valuation criteria".

First deliveries are scheduled to take place in On 12 May the Danish minority government recommended that 27 FA fighters, instead of 34 Typhoons, should be procured.

In , the Greek government agreed to acquire 20 Typhoons to replace its existing second-generation combat aircraft.

Eurofighter was one of the six aircraft competing for the Indian MRCA competition for multi-role fighters.

In March , Jane's Information Group reported that the Typhoon was the favourite to win the contest for Japan's next-generation fighter requirement.

Although the F Raptor was in his words "exceptional", it was not "absolutely necessary for Japan", and the Typhoon was the best alternative.

During a visit to Japan in June , Andy Latham of BAE pointed out that while F exports were restricted to keep advanced military technology from falling into the wrong hands, selling the Typhoon would take a "no black box approach", that is that even licensed production and integration with Japanese equipment would not carry the risk of leakage of restricted military technology.

The purchase decision was influenced by the F's stealth characteristics, with the Defence Minister Yasuo Ichikawa saying, "There are changes in the security environment and the actions of various nations and we want to have a fighter that has the capacity to cope".

Turkey was considering a purchase of Eurofighter, but in it decided to purchase a larger number of Fs and it has subsequently stated that "Eurofighter is off Turkey's agenda".

The Eurofighter is produced in single-seat and twin-seat variants. The twin-seat variant is not used operationally, but only for training, though it is combat capable.

The aircraft has been manufactured in three major standards; seven Development Aircraft DA , seven production standard Instrumented Production Aircraft IPA for further system development [] and a continuing number of Series Production Aircraft.

The production aircraft are now operational with the partner nation's air forces. The Tranche 1 aircraft were produced from onwards.

Aircraft capabilities are being increased incrementally, with each software upgrade resulting in a different standard, known as blocks.

By September , there had been four fatal crashes in about , flight hours, flown by aircraft, delivered to six different air forces. Edit Read in another language Eurofighter Typhoon.

For the PC game, see EF video game. For other uses of "Eurofighter", see Eurofighter disambiguation.

Origins Edit Further information: Timeline of the Eurofighter Typhoon. Germany and Spain Edit.

The pilot from 17 Squadron did not sustain any significant injury. It is thought the pilot may have forgotten to deploy the undercarriage or that for some reason he was not alerted to the fact that the undercarriage was not deployed.

In response to the crash's investigation, the RAF temporarily grounded all Typhoon training flights on 17 September Quick Reaction Alert duties were unaffected.

The Austrian Air Force also said that all its aircraft had been cleared for flight. The aircraft was one of the 46 aircraft of the Air Force's and squadrons.

The cause of the accident was unclear. The severely damaged Eurofighter made a safe landing at Nörvenich Air Base , while the Learjet crashed with the two onboard killed.

According to a Saudi Government press release, the aircraft crashed due to technical reasons and pilot Lt Col Muhanna Al-Baiz did not survive.

Gabriele Orlandi did not eject and died in the accident. The body of the pilot was recovered soon after. An investigation was opened into the cause.

The pilot was reported to have died. Its first flight took place in and it was handed over to the museum in This aircraft is one of seven EF development aircraft built by the Eurofighter Partner Companies, and was used for flight testing.

The aircraft was delivered by road on 22 January It is exhibited as part of the museum's 'AirSpace' gallery, as an example of the development of aircraft technology.

This marks an effective reduction of 24 aircraft in the UK order total. Typhoon didn't deploy to Afghanistan in the end because the aircraft intended for Britain's first squadrons of multirole Typhoons were diverted to the Saudi order, but CP capabilities were used in Libya in Maiden flight for future fighter jet.

Retrieved 31 January Retrieved 6 September Jane's International Defence Review. Retrieved 3 July Retrieved on 16 August Key Publishing "on behalf of Eurofighter GmbH", Spain joins the club.

First test flight of EAP aircraft in Lancashire. West Germany, Britain, Italy and Spain. Weapon of Mass Construction TV broadcast. BBC , 6 July airdate.

European Security and Defence. Archived from the original on 28 April Retrieved 19 November European Consortium Gets Fighter Contract. Progress on key projects.

Major Projects Report Retrieved 18 August They lost the inaugural Tschammerpokal 0—2 to 1. FC Nürnberg in They also made failed appearances in the , , and finals with their only victory coming in against Fortuna Düsseldorf.

Over a dozen seasons, from to , Schalke won of Gauliga matches, drawing 21 and losing only 6. Within this period, they scored goals and conceded just From to , they did not lose a single league match.

The club's dominance throughout this period led them to be held up for propaganda purposes by the Nazi regime as an example of "new Germany". They resumed regular play following the war and, for a time, continued to compete as a strong side.

They set a record in a national championship round match with a 20—0 drubbing of SpVgg Herten , but that spoke more to the weakened condition of German football than the ability of the team.

Schalke's play fell off and the best they could manage in the new Oberliga West in was a sixth-place finish.

Within two years, they slipped to 12th place. It would take Schalke until the mids to recover their form. They finished third in a tight three-way race for the Oberliga West title, decided on the last day of the season.

The club's next, and to date last, German championship came in with a 3—0 victory over Hamburger SV. The strong fanbase of the club is as well documented in a local church, St.

It was renovated shortly after the victory, where one of the glass windows shows Aloysius Gonzaga with a football and the dress and colors of Schalke.

Schalke continued to play well, delivering a number of top four finishes in the years leading up to the formation of the Bundesliga , West Germany's new federal, professional league.

Those results earned them selection as 1 of 16 clubs admitted to the top-flight league. Their first years in the Bundesliga were difficult.

In —65 , they escaped relegation only through the expansion of the league to 18 teams. A number of finishes at the lower end of the league table followed, before a marked improvement in —72 , culminating in a second-place finish to Bayern Munich and after having led the league for much of the season.

Despite their improved results, the seeds of a major reversal had already been sown. A number of the team's players and officials were accused of accepting bribes as part of the widespread Bundesliga scandal of Investigation showed that Schalke had deliberately played to lose their 17 May, 28th-round match against Arminia Bielefeld , 0—1.

As a result, several Schalke players were banned for life, including three — Klaus Fischer , "Stan" Libuda and Klaus Fichtel — who regularly played for the West Germany national team at the time.

Even though the penalties were later commuted to bans ranging from six months to two years, the scandal had a profound effect on what might have possibly become one of the dominant German teams of the s.

In the wake of the scandal, the club's performance was uneven. They managed another second-place result in —77 , finishing just one point behind champions Borussia Mönchengladbach.

In the early s, Die Knappen ran into trouble and found themselves relegated to the second division of the Bundesliga for the —82 season and, after promotion, again in — They returned to the top flight in but slipped once more to the second tier in They returned to the Bundesliga in the —92 season and have stayed in the top flight ever since.

Coached by the Dutch coach Huub Stevens , the Schalke squad earned the nickname "Euro Fighters", which is still in use among fans. Stevens, who was widely unknown in Germany at the time, quickly earned himself a cult following among the Schalke supporters.

Stevens successfully implemented a system of rigid discipline, especially in the defence. The turn of the millennium has seen much stronger performances from Schalke.

During the s and early , the club underwent a successful transformation into a modern, commercial sports organization and established itself as one of the dominant teams of the Bundesliga.

Schalke captured consecutive DFB-Pokals in —01 and —02 , and earned second-place finishes in the Bundesliga in —01 , —05 and — The —01 season finish was heartbreaking for Schalke's supporters as it took a goal in the fourth minute of injury time by Bayern Munich away to Hamburger SV to snatch the title from Die Königsblauen.

The last few years have been more successful for Schalke, who finished in the second place in , a result that led to Schalke making its second appearance in the UEFA Champions League.

There, Schalke finished in third place during the group stage and continuing into the UEFA Cup , where they were eliminated by the eventual winners Sevilla in the semi-finals.

In —06 , Schalke finished in fourth place in the Bundesliga and a year later they again finished as runners-up for the third time in seven seasons.

In the —08 season , Schalke progressed past the Champions League group stage for the first time and advanced to the quarter-finals after defeating Porto on penalties in the round of They were eliminated by Barcelona in the quarter-finals, losing both home and away matches 0—1.

On 9 October , Russian oil company Gazprom became the club's new sponsor. On 13 April , the club announced the dismissal of manager Mirko Slomka after a heavy defeat at the hands of Werder Bremen and elimination from the Champions League.

Former players Mike Büskens and Youri Mulder were put in charge of the first team on an interim basis. For the —09 Bundesliga season , Schalke signed a new head coach, Fred Rutten , previously of Twente.

Rutten signed a contract running until June On 1 July , Felix Magath , who had led VfL Wolfsburg to the top of the table in the Bundesliga, became head coach and general manager of the Königsblauen.

Magath's tenure at the club was initially successful, seeing the side score a glut of goals in the first few months of the season, though defensive frailties and Magath's questionable squad selection had made him unpopular with Schalke supporters by December On 16 March , Magath was sacked and replaced with Ralf Rangnick , who previously, between and , had a brief spell being in charge of the team.

Within just weeks of his appointment, Rangnick masterminded a 5—2 victory over Inter Milan at the San Siro during the quarter-finals of the Champions League.

Schalke advanced to the semi-final where they lost 2—0 to Manchester United in the first leg and 4—1 in the second leg.

On 22 September , Ralf Rangnick announced his immediate resignation as head coach of Schalke 04 due to long-term exhaustion.

Stevens' contract was to run until 30 June Despite having legendary status among Schalke supporters, Stevens' return to Schalke was met with some scepticism as fans feared that Stevens, who coached Schalke to the UEFA Cup win with a rigidly defensive system, could abandon Rangnick's system of attacking play in favour of returning to his defensive antics.

Although Schalke played a somewhat inconsistent season, they reached third place in the Bundesliga and therefore direct qualification for the UEFA Champions League.

Schalke had an excellent start to the —13 Bundesliga season , and worked their way to second place in the league by November, just behind Bayern Munich.

On 20 October, Schalke traveled to Borussia Dortmund for matchday 8, and were able to defeat the home side 2—1 to secure their first league Revierderby win since February while securing a Champions League place by finishing in fourth place.

Schalke ultimately finished the group stage in second place, behind Chelsea, and was eliminated in the round of 16 by Real Madrid.

It also led to performance related discussions about head coach Jens Keller. Partially, Schalke fielded up to ten young players with potential who played in the Schalke youth system throughout the season.

Among the brightest young player discoveries of the —14 season were Max Meyer and Leon Goretzka. The young Schalke squad won 11 out of 17 matches, totalling 36 points.

At the end of the —14 season, the club finished in third place in the Bundesliga table to qualify for their third-straight UEFA Champions League appearance, a feat Schalke had never before achieved.

On 7 October , after a 1—2 defeat to Hoffenheim and after amassing just eight points from seven matches, Keller was sacked and succeeded by Roberto Di Matteo.

Hospitality services and restaurants at the S04 Veltins-Arena. Ice hockey events are hosted at the S04 Veltins-Arena. Biathlon and a variety of winter sport events are hosted at the S04 Veltins-Arena.

The headline sponsors of Schalke 04 are the China-based electronics manufacturer Hisense and the Russia-based hydrocarbon giant Gazprom.

Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. In the year , the supporters voted for Schalker Jahrhundertelf , the "Team of the Century": Schalke's stadium, known as the Veltins-Arena under a sponsorship agreement with Veltins brewery, was completed in the summer of and has a capacity of 62, spectators.

The facility was previously known as the Arena AufSchalke and replaced the Parkstadion capacity of 62, built in Prior to this, the club had played its matches in the Glückauf-Kampfbahn , constructed in with a capacity of 35, The facility was used for amateur matches during its latter years with a reduced capacity of just 5, The number of members of Schalke 04 grew from 10, in to , in This figure makes Schalke 04 the second-biggest sports club in Germany and fourth-biggest sports club in the world, behind Bayern Munich, Sporting Lisbon and first-placed Benfica.

Schalke 04 has the fourth-largest fan-base of any team in the world. Apart from Gelsenkirchen 10, members and its immediate neighboring towns, the members of Schalke 04 also come from more distant cities such as Cologne 1, , Berlin and Dortmund The fan-base of Schalke is connected, in a friendly way, with the supporters of 1.

FC Nürnberg and Dutch club Twente. The friendship with Nürnberg is the oldest connection between two fan-bases in Germany. Before a match between both clubs, the official club songs are played.

Popular unofficial chants are. The Revierderby is the rivalry between local clubs Schalke 04 and Borussia Dortmund , both situated in the densely populated Ruhr region.

Because of the small geographical distances between the clubs roughly 30 kilometers , fans of opposing clubs often meet in everyday life. The term may be used in any match between two football clubs of the Ruhr region such as VfL Bochum , Rot-Weiss Essen or MSV Duisburg , but the term is most commonly associated with the rivalry between Schalke and Dortmund due to the derby's popularity and prestige.

To some fans, the win of the derby itself is more important than the actual performance in the Bundesliga.

Actors Uwe Ochsenknecht and Ralf Richter , both of whom were in the award-winning film Das Boot played the main roles, while many persons associated with Schalke had cameo roles, such as manager Rudi Assauer , coaches Huub Stevens and Helmut Schulte, and player Yves Eigenrauch.

Schalke lost 5—0, looks like we won't be in the final this year. Under 19 Bundesliga West. Under 17 Bundesliga West.

In women's football , FC Schalke 04 have achieved some notable successes in the late seventies and early eighties of the 20th century.

Eurofighter schalke -

Alles friedlich auf Schalke. Der Abpraller landet bei Bentaleb, der wuchtig ins leere Tor vollendet. In einem Zweitligaduell mit Schalke wechselte Ristic ihn ein. Er spricht von Gelsenkirchen. Ich habe jedenfalls herzlich gelacht. Teamarzt Ulf Blecker sei ihm als guter Freund besonders ans Herz gewachsen. Runde , Borussia Mönchengladbach 2.

schalke eurofighter -

Schalke macht es besser und aus anderthalb Chancen zwei Tore: Mailand war nun sichtlich bemühter, das wichtige Auswärtstor zu erzielen, scheiterte jedoch immer wieder an Schalkes Schlussmann Jens Lehmann. Champions League Polizei nach Galatasaray-Spiel: Politik Alles bleibt unklar: Der Serie-A-Klub glich Wilmots' 1: Aber ein einziges Team schaffte es, und es war ein deutsches. So hoch hatte S04 im Vorgänger-Wettbewerb nie gewonnen. Möllensiep wurde schon mehrfach operiert, es haben sich allerdings wieder Metastasen gebildet. Neueste Beiträge Meistdiskutiert Beste Spielothek in Kritzendorf finden Wir schlugen Roda, wir schlugen Trabzon…. Der ehemalige tschechische Nationalspieler blieb nach seinem Wechsel ganze neun Jahre auf Schalke. Alle Kommentare snooker deutsch Seite 1. Wird der Tweet nicht korrekt dargestellt? Müller wurde im November bei Rapid Wien nach zwei Jahren entlassen. Archived from the original on 20 December User needs were given a high priority in the cockpit's design; both layout and functionality was created through feedback and assessments from military pilots and a specialist testing facility. First test flight of EAP aircraft in Lancashire. Their fußball bundesliga deutschland years in the Bundesliga were difficult. Since the —08 season, S04 is cooperating with the women footballers club one casino age the second division 1 FFC Recklinghausen. Protective countermeasures consist of chaffflaresan electronic countermeasures ECM suite and a towed radar decoy TRD. But it has additional capabilities that allow it to perform the [U. Retrieved 26 April Eurofighter schalke24 Tranche 2 Eurofighter Typhoons had been delivered champions league ergebnisse gestern Saudi Arabia, consisting of 18 single-seat and 6 two-seat aircraft. Archived from the original on 19 February They are both hannover 96 stuttgart in spins villa casino ways, but they are designed for different levels of test exchange. The latest support for self-protection will however originate from the new crazy vegas casino bonus codes 2019 radar which is to replace the Captor system, providing in a spiralled programme with passive, active and cyberwarfare RF capabilities. Retrieved gratis bonus online casino October The table tennis department of FC Schalke 04 was founded in

Eurofighter Schalke Video

Gladbach - Schalke 16.03.17 / "Eurofighter-Lied" März trainiert er die Nationalmannschaft der Elfenbeinküste. Runde , Borussia Mönchengladbach 2. Fünf Spiele ohne Sieg und Verlust der Tabellenführung. Juli Ende Der ehemalige tschechische Nationalspieler blieb nach seinem Wechsel ganze neun Jahre auf Schalke. Alle Kommentare öffnen Seite 1. Marc Wilmots winkt den Fans nach seinem Treffer zum 1: Der WDR zeigt dazu heute eine Dokumentation von Ganz wie der Papa: England-Star überragt alte Teamkollegen:

The Typhoon is a multi-role fighter with maturing air-to-ground capabilities. The initial absence of air-to-ground capability is believed to have been a factor in the type's rejection from Singapore's fighter competition in At the time it was claimed that Singapore was concerned about the delivery timescale and the ability of the Eurofighter partner nations to fund the required capability packages.

Similar capability was added to Tranche 2 aircraft on the main development pathway as part of the Phase 1 Enhancements.

Operational testing and evaluation of those capabilities is currently ongoing with the Royal Air Force ahead of entry into service in German aircraft can carry 4 GBU lb bombs.

An anti-shipping capability is required by , and such a capability is also important for potential export customers such as India; [] Eurofighter is studying integrating the Boeing Harpoon or MBDA Marte or Sea Brimstone missiles onto the Typhoon for a maritime attack capability.

In addition to the missile armament options, the Typhoon also carries a specially developed variant of the Mauser BK 27mm cannon armament that was developed originally for the Panavia Tornado.

This is a single-barrel, electrically fired, gas-operated revolver cannon with a new linkless feed system, capable of firing up to rounds per minute.

There was a proposal on cost grounds in to limit this gun-armament fit to the first 53 batch-1 aircraft destined for the RAF, only on the basis that the guns would be used as ballast and not used operationally, [] but this decision was reversed in The government of Argentina "is understood to have made a formal protest".

On 12 April , a mixed pair of RAF Typhoon and Tornado GR4 [] dropped precision-guided bombs on ground vehicles operated by Gaddafi forces that were parked in an abandoned tank park.

The event represented "a significant milestone in the delivery of multi-role Typhoon. The National Audit Office observed in that the distribution of the Eurofighter's parts supply and repairs over several countries has led to parts shortages , long timescales for repairs, and the cannibalisation of some aircraft to keep others flying.

The RAF has been "cannibalising" aircraft for spare parts in a bid to keep the maximum number of Typhoons operational on any given day.

The Ministry of Defence had warned the problems were likely to continue until It was announced in December that No.

The British are aiming to upgrade their Typhoons to be able to carry the Storm Shadow cruise missile and Brimstone air-to-ground missile by to ensure they have manned aircraft configured with strike capabilities with trained crews by the time the Tornado GR4 is retired the following year; the Defence Ministry is funding research for a common launcher system that could also drop the Selective Precision Effects at Range Spear III networked precision-guided weapon from the Typhoon, which is already planned for the F RAF Tranche 1 Typhoons are too structurally and technically different from later models so the British have decided that, beginning in or , the older models will be switched out for Tranche 2 and 3 versions, a process that will remove the Tranche 1 aircraft from service around to be stripped for parts to support newer versions.

On 1 July it was reported that Typhoons from No. In the Strategic Defense and Security Review SDSR , it was decided to retain some of the Tranche 1 aircraft to increase the number of front-line squadrons from five to seven and to boost the out-of-service date from to as well as implementing the Captor-E AESA radar in later tranches.

Due to the limited ground attack capabilities of the RAF Typhoons in the campaign against ISIL, the UK has delayed the retirement of one squadron of Tornados and is attempting to bring forward the deployment of Brimstone missiles on the Eurofighters to The following evening the Typhoons, accompanied by Tornados, attacked targets in Syria.

In July , the Austria Defense Ministry announced that it would be replacing all of its Typhoon aircraft by Austria plans to explore a government-to-government sale or lease agreement to avoid a lengthy and costly tender process with a manufacturer.

Possible replacements include the Saab Gripen and the F On 18 August it was announced that Saudi Arabia had agreed to purchase 72 Typhoons.

On 14 December , Britain's attorney general, Lord Goldsmith , ordered that the Serious Fraud Office discontinue its investigation into the BAE Systems' alleged bribery to senior Saudi officials in the al-Yamamah contracts, citing "the need to safeguard national and international security".

The Times also reported that such an arrangement would make the UK purchase of its Tranche 3 commitments more likely. The remaining 48 aircraft were to be assembled in Saudi Arabia and delivered from , [] but following contract renegotiations in it was agreed that all 72 aircraft would be assembled by BAE Systems in the UK, with the last 24 aircraft being built to Tranche 3 capability.

By , 24 Tranche 2 Eurofighter Typhoons had been delivered to Saudi Arabia, consisting of 18 single-seat and 6 two-seat aircraft. After that, BAE and Riyadh entered into discussions over configurations and price of the rest of the plane order.

Deliveries resumed in early , with the discussions still going on, with four trainers and two more single-seat Typhoons. In June , it was reported that Kuwait was in talks with the Italian Air Force and Alenia Aermacchi about the potential purchase of up to 28 Eurofighter Typhoons for two squadrons.

On 11 September , Eurofighter confirmed that an agreement had been reached to supply Kuwait with 28 aircraft. The Kuwaiti aircraft will be the first Typhoons to receive the Captor-E active electronically scanned array radar, with two instrumented production aircraft from the UK and Germany currently undergoing ground-based integration trials.

The contract involves the production of aircraft in Italy and covers logistics, operational support and the training of flight crews and ground personnel.

Aircraft deliveries will begin in By June Dassault claimed it was close to signing a contract with Qatar for 72 Rafales. In January , it was revealed that the Eurofighter Typhoon is one of the contenders for Bulgaria's MiG replacement program.

In December , the Canadian government decided that F costs were much higher than earlier anticipated and hence are looking at the Eurofighter as well as four other fighters to replace their ageing CFs.

In December , it was reported that Colombia may be interested in procuring a fighter wing 's worth of second-hand, Tranche 2 standard Eurofighter Typhoons from Spain, equipped with the advanced Meteor missile.

The group recognises five potential types: The request for information concerning the HX Fighter Program was sent in early ; the five responses were received in November A call for tender will be sent in spring and the buying decision is scheduled to take place in Eurofighter and other fighter builders responded to a request for information issued by the Indonesian government in January for a fighter to replace the ageing F-5s currently in service with the Air Force.

The intention was to transfer aircraft currently in Spanish service within a year of contract signature.

Poland is planning to purchase 64 multirole combat aircraft from as part of the country's modernisation plans. According to the announcement made by the Armament Inspectorate on 23 November , Poland has initiated the procedure to acquire new fighter aircraft for the Polish Air Force.

Companies that expressed their interest in the Multi-Role Combat Aircraft portion of the initiative include: In , the government of Serbia displayed open interest in the Eurofighter and competing products.

In March , Swiss officials named contenders in its Air program: In October , it was reported by Jane's that the Swiss Air Force may be limited to purchasing a single-engine fighter for budgetary reasons.

However a bidder representing a European company bidding on the plan stated that Swiss Air Force pilots are "so enamoured of their Hornets that they will be inclined to select another two-seat fighter".

In June it was reported that Vietnam had been in discussions about the purchase of Eurofighter Typhoons to replace MiGs in their aircraft inventory.

The talks were reported as ongoing but no decision was expected soon. Saab's Gripen E and Sukhoi's Su were also involved in the discussions for Vietnam's next fighter requirement.

The requirement stands for 40 aircraft. A decision was expected by and contracts signed by The opposition in the federal parliament of Belgium stated that a decision was already made in favour of the American F and that the competition was a cover-up.

The opposition concluded that the requirements for the new aircraft were set up such a way that "only the F could possibly meet the requirements".

A supposedly leaked document from the Belgian military stated that for Belgium to remain in a strong position in NATO, the aircraft should have a launch capability for the B61 nuclear bombs supposedly stored at the Kleine Brogel Air Base in Belgium.

Coalition parties have denied the allegations. They say a decision will be made in and that parliament could still vote against the selected aircraft.

On 19 April , Boeing pulled out of the competition, stating there "is no level playing field". Dassault did not respond, alleging the Belgian request deliberately favoured the F, and the French government instead proposed a long-term partnership for the development of a new fighter aircraft.

On 25 October , Belgium officially selected the offer for 34 FAs to replace the current fleet of around 54 Fs.

In the accompanied news conference, government officials stated that the decision to select the F over the Eurofighter Typhoon came down to the price, and later stated that "The offer from the Americans was the best in all our seven valuation criteria".

First deliveries are scheduled to take place in On 12 May the Danish minority government recommended that 27 FA fighters, instead of 34 Typhoons, should be procured.

In , the Greek government agreed to acquire 20 Typhoons to replace its existing second-generation combat aircraft. Eurofighter was one of the six aircraft competing for the Indian MRCA competition for multi-role fighters.

In March , Jane's Information Group reported that the Typhoon was the favourite to win the contest for Japan's next-generation fighter requirement.

Although the F Raptor was in his words "exceptional", it was not "absolutely necessary for Japan", and the Typhoon was the best alternative.

During a visit to Japan in June , Andy Latham of BAE pointed out that while F exports were restricted to keep advanced military technology from falling into the wrong hands, selling the Typhoon would take a "no black box approach", that is that even licensed production and integration with Japanese equipment would not carry the risk of leakage of restricted military technology.

The purchase decision was influenced by the F's stealth characteristics, with the Defence Minister Yasuo Ichikawa saying, "There are changes in the security environment and the actions of various nations and we want to have a fighter that has the capacity to cope".

Turkey was considering a purchase of Eurofighter, but in it decided to purchase a larger number of Fs and it has subsequently stated that "Eurofighter is off Turkey's agenda".

The Eurofighter is produced in single-seat and twin-seat variants. The twin-seat variant is not used operationally, but only for training, though it is combat capable.

The aircraft has been manufactured in three major standards; seven Development Aircraft DA , seven production standard Instrumented Production Aircraft IPA for further system development [] and a continuing number of Series Production Aircraft.

The production aircraft are now operational with the partner nation's air forces. The Tranche 1 aircraft were produced from onwards.

Aircraft capabilities are being increased incrementally, with each software upgrade resulting in a different standard, known as blocks.

By September , there had been four fatal crashes in about , flight hours, flown by aircraft, delivered to six different air forces.

Edit Read in another language Eurofighter Typhoon. For the PC game, see EF video game. For other uses of "Eurofighter", see Eurofighter disambiguation.

Origins Edit Further information: Timeline of the Eurofighter Typhoon. Germany and Spain Edit. The pilot from 17 Squadron did not sustain any significant injury.

It is thought the pilot may have forgotten to deploy the undercarriage or that for some reason he was not alerted to the fact that the undercarriage was not deployed.

In response to the crash's investigation, the RAF temporarily grounded all Typhoon training flights on 17 September Quick Reaction Alert duties were unaffected.

The Austrian Air Force also said that all its aircraft had been cleared for flight. The aircraft was one of the 46 aircraft of the Air Force's and squadrons.

The cause of the accident was unclear. The severely damaged Eurofighter made a safe landing at Nörvenich Air Base , while the Learjet crashed with the two onboard killed.

According to a Saudi Government press release, the aircraft crashed due to technical reasons and pilot Lt Col Muhanna Al-Baiz did not survive.

Gabriele Orlandi did not eject and died in the accident. The body of the pilot was recovered soon after. An investigation was opened into the cause.

The pilot was reported to have died. Its first flight took place in and it was handed over to the museum in This aircraft is one of seven EF development aircraft built by the Eurofighter Partner Companies, and was used for flight testing.

The aircraft was delivered by road on 22 January It is exhibited as part of the museum's 'AirSpace' gallery, as an example of the development of aircraft technology.

This marks an effective reduction of 24 aircraft in the UK order total. Typhoon didn't deploy to Afghanistan in the end because the aircraft intended for Britain's first squadrons of multirole Typhoons were diverted to the Saudi order, but CP capabilities were used in Libya in Maiden flight for future fighter jet.

Retrieved 31 January Retrieved 6 September Jane's International Defence Review. Retrieved 3 July Retrieved on 16 August Key Publishing "on behalf of Eurofighter GmbH", Spain joins the club.

First test flight of EAP aircraft in Lancashire. West Germany, Britain, Italy and Spain. Weapon of Mass Construction TV broadcast.

BBC , 6 July airdate. European Security and Defence. Archived from the original on 28 April Retrieved 19 November European Consortium Gets Fighter Contract.

Progress on key projects. Major Projects Report Retrieved 18 August Archived from the original PDF on 24 October Retrieved 30 September Retrieved 21 October BAE wins year Typhoon support deal".

Defense Daily, 6 January National Audit Office, 18 December , p. Eurofighter World Eurofighter Gmbh , July , pp. Retrieved 22 May Retrieved 20 February Typhoon enhancements enter operational evaluation phase".

Retrieved 24 October Retrieved 3 June Retrieved 9 June Retrieved 20 July Archived from the original on 21 December Gannett Government Media Corporation.

Retrieved 20 November Pushes On Typhoon Upgrades. Airbus Defence and Space. Archived from the original on 15 July Retrieved 15 July Typhoon brews up radar storm".

Retrieved 3 October Archived from the original on 22 October Eurofighter to upgrade Typhoon engine to lift sales". Retrieved 3 November Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies, April Knoll about Eurofighter and Stealth, pp.

English translation " google. Archived 28 August at the Wayback Machine. Aircraft Control and Monitoring Systems.

Archived 29 September at the Wayback Machine. Archived 27 March at the Wayback Machine. Archived 17 April at the Wayback Machine. Rauen speaks, media listen.

Selex sets itself apart in Europe's electronic warfare stakes Aviation International News". Archived from the original on 27 November Archived 23 July at the Wayback Machine.

Tranche 3, and Beyond. Retrieved 23 June Retrieved 6 November Retrieved 20 May Retrieved 6 March Eurofighter gets AESA programme boost".

Retrieved 26 November Archived from the original on 23 December Archived from the original on 12 September Archived from the original on 18 October Archived from the original on 15 August Retrieved 31 August Typhoon fighter-bomber declared operational.

Eurofighter GmbH, 20 July Eurofighter tests six appeal with Marte ER missile fit". Eurofighter GmbH , 4 August Eurofighter GmbH , 5 September Retrieved 8 August Retrieved 3 October — via elpais.

Archived 9 June at the Wayback Machine. Italian Eurofighters, Harriers fly first combat air patrol missions. Archived from the original on 28 November Retrieved 28 November Typhoon proves its air-surface capability".

Archived from the original on 10 April Walesonline, 20 March British Forces News , 15 April Typhoons carry out first ever attack.

RAF Typhoons drop first bombs in combat. RAF Typhoon hits fresh target, with help from Tornado. National Audit Office, United Kingdom.

Retrieved 2 July Telegraph Media Group Limited. Retrieved 26 October Retrieved 24 October — via The Guardian. Retrieved 16 February Business News, 7 July Reuters , 14 December United States Department of State , 29 September Saudi Arabia receives more Typhoons — Flightglobal.

Retrieved 19 February Schalke has long been one of the most popular professional football teams and multi-sports club in Germany, even though the club's heyday was in the s and s.

Schalke play in the Bundesliga , the top tier of the German football league system. As of June , the club has , members, making it the second-largest sports club in Germany [4] and the fourth-largest sports club in the world in terms of membership.

Since , Schalke's stadium has been the Veltins-Arena. Schalke holds a long-standing rivalry with Ruhr neighbours Borussia Dortmund , arguably one of the most widespread and well-known rivalries in German football, and matches between the two teams are referred to as the Revierderby.

The club was founded on 4 May as Westfalia Schalke by a group of high school students and first wore the colours red and yellow.

The team was unable to gain admittance to the Westdeutscher Spielverband and played in one of the "wild associations" of early German football.

In , after years of failed attempts to join the official league, they merged with the gymnastic club Schalker Turnverein in order to facilitate their entry.

This arrangement held up until , when SV Westfalia Schalke was re-established as an independent club. The separation proved short-lived and the two came together again in as Turn- und Sportverein Schalke The new club won its first honours in as champions of the Schalke Kreisliga.

It was around this time that Schalke picked up the nickname Die Knappen , from an old German word for "miners" because the team drew so many of its players and supporters from the coalmine workers of Gelsenkirchen.

In , the football team parted ways with the gymnasts again, this time taking the club chairman along with them.

They took the name FC Schalke 04 and adopted the now familiar blue and white kit from which their second nickname would derive, Die Königsblauen English: The following year, the club became the dominant local side, based on a style of play that used short, sharp, man-to-man passing to move the ball.

This system would later become famous as the Schalker Kreisel English: In , it carried them into the top-flight Gauliga Ruhr , onto the league championship, and then into the opening rounds of the national finals.

The popular club built a new stadium, the Glückauf-Kampfbahn, in , and acknowledged the city's support by renaming themselves FC Gelsenkirchen-Schalke They won their first West German championship in , but the following year were sanctioned for exceeding salary levels set by the league and, in an era that considered professionalism in sport to be anathema, found themselves banned from play for nearly half a year.

However, the ban had little impact on the team's popularity: The club's fortunes begun to rise from and they made a semi-final appearance in the German championship , losing 1—2 to Eintracht Frankfurt.

The year after , the club went all the way to the final, where Fortuna Düsseldorf proved the better side, winning 3—0. With the re-organisation of German football in under Nazi Germany , Schalke found themselves in the Gauliga Westfalen , 1 of 16 top-flight divisions established to replace the innumerable regional and local leagues, all claiming top status.

This league saw Schalke's most successful decade in their history: The club never lost a home match in the Gauliga Westfalen in all these 11 seasons and only lost six away matches, while remaining unbeaten in the —36, —37, —38, —39, —41 and —43 seasons, a sign of the club's dominance.

Schalke's first national title came in with a 2—1 victory over favourites 1. The next year , they successfully defended their title against VfB Stuttgart with a 6—4 win.

The club missed the final, but would make appearances in the championship match in each of the next six years, coming away victorious in , , and Die Königsblauen also made frequent appearances in the final of the Tschammerpokal, but enjoyed much less success there.

They lost the inaugural Tschammerpokal 0—2 to 1. FC Nürnberg in They also made failed appearances in the , , and finals with their only victory coming in against Fortuna Düsseldorf.

Over a dozen seasons, from to , Schalke won of Gauliga matches, drawing 21 and losing only 6. Within this period, they scored goals and conceded just From to , they did not lose a single league match.

The club's dominance throughout this period led them to be held up for propaganda purposes by the Nazi regime as an example of "new Germany". They resumed regular play following the war and, for a time, continued to compete as a strong side.

They set a record in a national championship round match with a 20—0 drubbing of SpVgg Herten , but that spoke more to the weakened condition of German football than the ability of the team.

Schalke's play fell off and the best they could manage in the new Oberliga West in was a sixth-place finish. Within two years, they slipped to 12th place.

It would take Schalke until the mids to recover their form. They finished third in a tight three-way race for the Oberliga West title, decided on the last day of the season.

The club's next, and to date last, German championship came in with a 3—0 victory over Hamburger SV. The strong fanbase of the club is as well documented in a local church, St.

It was renovated shortly after the victory, where one of the glass windows shows Aloysius Gonzaga with a football and the dress and colors of Schalke.

Schalke continued to play well, delivering a number of top four finishes in the years leading up to the formation of the Bundesliga , West Germany's new federal, professional league.

Those results earned them selection as 1 of 16 clubs admitted to the top-flight league. Their first years in the Bundesliga were difficult.

In —65 , they escaped relegation only through the expansion of the league to 18 teams. A number of finishes at the lower end of the league table followed, before a marked improvement in —72 , culminating in a second-place finish to Bayern Munich and after having led the league for much of the season.

Despite their improved results, the seeds of a major reversal had already been sown. A number of the team's players and officials were accused of accepting bribes as part of the widespread Bundesliga scandal of Investigation showed that Schalke had deliberately played to lose their 17 May, 28th-round match against Arminia Bielefeld , 0—1.

As a result, several Schalke players were banned for life, including three — Klaus Fischer , "Stan" Libuda and Klaus Fichtel — who regularly played for the West Germany national team at the time.

Even though the penalties were later commuted to bans ranging from six months to two years, the scandal had a profound effect on what might have possibly become one of the dominant German teams of the s.

In the wake of the scandal, the club's performance was uneven. They managed another second-place result in —77 , finishing just one point behind champions Borussia Mönchengladbach.

In the early s, Die Knappen ran into trouble and found themselves relegated to the second division of the Bundesliga for the —82 season and, after promotion, again in — They returned to the top flight in but slipped once more to the second tier in They returned to the Bundesliga in the —92 season and have stayed in the top flight ever since.

Coached by the Dutch coach Huub Stevens , the Schalke squad earned the nickname "Euro Fighters", which is still in use among fans.

Stevens, who was widely unknown in Germany at the time, quickly earned himself a cult following among the Schalke supporters. Stevens successfully implemented a system of rigid discipline, especially in the defence.

The turn of the millennium has seen much stronger performances from Schalke. During the s and early , the club underwent a successful transformation into a modern, commercial sports organization and established itself as one of the dominant teams of the Bundesliga.

Schalke captured consecutive DFB-Pokals in —01 and —02 , and earned second-place finishes in the Bundesliga in —01 , —05 and — The —01 season finish was heartbreaking for Schalke's supporters as it took a goal in the fourth minute of injury time by Bayern Munich away to Hamburger SV to snatch the title from Die Königsblauen.

The last few years have been more successful for Schalke, who finished in the second place in , a result that led to Schalke making its second appearance in the UEFA Champions League.

There, Schalke finished in third place during the group stage and continuing into the UEFA Cup , where they were eliminated by the eventual winners Sevilla in the semi-finals.

In —06 , Schalke finished in fourth place in the Bundesliga and a year later they again finished as runners-up for the third time in seven seasons.

In the —08 season , Schalke progressed past the Champions League group stage for the first time and advanced to the quarter-finals after defeating Porto on penalties in the round of They were eliminated by Barcelona in the quarter-finals, losing both home and away matches 0—1.

On 9 October , Russian oil company Gazprom became the club's new sponsor. On 13 April , the club announced the dismissal of manager Mirko Slomka after a heavy defeat at the hands of Werder Bremen and elimination from the Champions League.

Former players Mike Büskens and Youri Mulder were put in charge of the first team on an interim basis. For the —09 Bundesliga season , Schalke signed a new head coach, Fred Rutten , previously of Twente.

Rutten signed a contract running until June On 1 July , Felix Magath , who had led VfL Wolfsburg to the top of the table in the Bundesliga, became head coach and general manager of the Königsblauen.

Magath's tenure at the club was initially successful, seeing the side score a glut of goals in the first few months of the season, though defensive frailties and Magath's questionable squad selection had made him unpopular with Schalke supporters by December On 16 March , Magath was sacked and replaced with Ralf Rangnick , who previously, between and , had a brief spell being in charge of the team.

Within just weeks of his appointment, Rangnick masterminded a 5—2 victory over Inter Milan at the San Siro during the quarter-finals of the Champions League.

Schalke advanced to the semi-final where they lost 2—0 to Manchester United in the first leg and 4—1 in the second leg. On 22 September , Ralf Rangnick announced his immediate resignation as head coach of Schalke 04 due to long-term exhaustion.

Stevens' contract was to run until 30 June Despite having legendary status among Schalke supporters, Stevens' return to Schalke was met with some scepticism as fans feared that Stevens, who coached Schalke to the UEFA Cup win with a rigidly defensive system, could abandon Rangnick's system of attacking play in favour of returning to his defensive antics.

Although Schalke played a somewhat inconsistent season, they reached third place in the Bundesliga and therefore direct qualification for the UEFA Champions League.

Schalke had an excellent start to the —13 Bundesliga season , and worked their way to second place in the league by November, just behind Bayern Munich.

On 20 October, Schalke traveled to Borussia Dortmund for matchday 8, and were able to defeat the home side 2—1 to secure their first league Revierderby win since February while securing a Champions League place by finishing in fourth place.

Schalke ultimately finished the group stage in second place, behind Chelsea, and was eliminated in the round of 16 by Real Madrid. It also led to performance related discussions about head coach Jens Keller.

Partially, Schalke fielded up to ten young players with potential who played in the Schalke youth system throughout the season.

Among the brightest young player discoveries of the —14 season were Max Meyer and Leon Goretzka. The young Schalke squad won 11 out of 17 matches, totalling 36 points.

At the end of the —14 season, the club finished in third place in the Bundesliga table to qualify for their third-straight UEFA Champions League appearance, a feat Schalke had never before achieved.

On 7 October , after a 1—2 defeat to Hoffenheim and after amassing just eight points from seven matches, Keller was sacked and succeeded by Roberto Di Matteo.

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